At Sunny Bank Primary School, we recognise that maths is a key life skill. It is a proficiency which involves confidence and competency with number and measures. It requires an understanding of the number system, computational skills and an ability to apply this knowledge and understanding to solve number problems in a variety of contexts and scenarios. Maths is essential to everyday life, critical to science, technology and engineering, and necessary for financial literacy and most forms of employment.
Our intent for mathematics is to teach a rich, balanced and progressive curriculum using maths to reason, problem solve and develop fluent conceptual understanding in each area through a mastery approach.
- become fluent in the fundamentals of mathematics
- reason mathematically
- can solve problems by applying their mathematics
Children often find maths difficult because it is abstract. However, at Sunny Bank maths is taught through a Concrete-Pictorial-Abstract (CPA) approach. The CPA method involves using concrete objects for children to add, subtract, multiply or divide. They also use pictorial representations of objects alongside abstract symbols.
The CPA approach helps children learn new ideas and build on their existing knowledge by introducing abstract concepts in a more familiar and tangible way. The use of representations and structure in mathematics learning is vital in helping children to develop competency with mathematical concepts.
Challenge is available to all children through opportunities for deep learning, reasoning and open ended challenging problems. Teachers use careful questioning throughout lessons to enable all children to master the curriculum in maths and children are encouraged to talk about and explain their mathematical thinking. Whilst those who are identified as SEND or underachieving receive individualised support drawing from the CPA approach.
During the lessons, live marking allows immediate feedback and the opportunity to move the children’s learning on through challenge. Following on from this, learning is revisited and consolidated where needed through FIX IT activities or planned interventions.
Maths in our school is enhanced by our individual class working walls designed to aid children through each topic showing key vocabulary, sticky knowledge and methodology. We promote the use of IT, developing the home-school link through our use of TT Rockstars.
At Sunny Bank Primary School we draw upon different resources to support teachers in all aspects of their planning whilst delivering Maths Mastery methods effectively. Although we primarily draw upon the White Rose Maths Hub objectives which are fully supported by the Department for Education we also use PiXL, Rising Stars, Power Maths, I see Reasoning, NCETM progression documents, and NRich Materials.
As part of this process, teachers plan using a three part lesson structure including a starter, core and review.
In the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS), we relate the mathematical aspects of the children's work to the Development Matters statements and the Early Learning Goals (ELG), as set out in the EYFS profile document. Maths development involves providing children with opportunities to practise and improve their skills in counting numbers, calculating simple addition and subtraction problems, and to describe shapes, spaces, and measures. The profile for Maths areas of learning are Number and Shape, Space and Measures.
We continually observe and assess children against these areas using their age-related objectives and plan the next steps in their maths development through a topic-based curriculum. There are opportunities for children to encounter Maths throughout the EYFS (both inside and outside) – through both planned activities and the self-selection of easily accessible quality maths resources. Whenever possible children’s interests are used to support delivering the maths curriculum.
Towards the end of Reception teachers aim to draw the elements of a daily mathematics lesson together so that by the time children move into Year One they are familiar with a structured lesson/activity.
We measure our impact of our curriculum through the following methods:
- Live marking
- Feedback and developmental comments
- Termly formal mathematics assessments enable school to track progress, predict future performance and benchmark against national averages (from Year Two upwards)
- Pupil discussions about their learning
- Pupil progress meetings
Fluency is an important aspect of Mathematics throughout the school as this underpins Maths Mastery and allows children to become functional mathematicians. Each class will focus on fluency every day to ensure that the basics are mastered and allow the children to solve more complex aspects of maths. We promote the use of IT, developing the home-school link through our use of TT Rockstars and maths competitons.